Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see translations of this article…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When there are translations of the current article, you will see a flag/pennant icon next to the title, like this: 2015-11-06_11h14_24 For example:


Click on it and you will see a bibliographic list of papers that are published translations of the current article.  Note that when no published translations are available, you can also translate an article on the fly using Google translate.


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Bacciagaluppi, M. (1996). Guilt According To Erich Fromm. Contemp. Psychoanal., 32:455-462.

Welcome to PEP Web!

Viewing the full text of this document requires a subscription to PEP Web.

If you are coming in from a university from a registered IP address or secure referral page you should not need to log in. Contact your university librarian in the event of problems.

If you have a personal subscription on your own account or through a Society or Institute please put your username and password in the box below. Any difficulties should be reported to your group administrator.


Can't remember your username and/or password? If you have forgotten your username and/or password please click here and log in to the PaDS database. Once there you need to fill in your email address (this must be the email address that PEP has on record for you) and click "Send." Your username and password will be sent to this email address within a few minutes. If this does not work for you please contact your group organizer.

OpenAthens or federation user? Login here.

Not already a subscriber? Order a subscription today.

(1996). Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 32:455-462

Guilt According To Erich Fromm

Marco Bacciagaluppi, M.D.

In the early forties, Erich Fromm was central to the development of the interpersonal-cultural school of psychoanalysis. Later, he was less directly involved in shaping the further course of psychoanalysis. On the other hand, recent developments show a more than superficial—although little-noticed—affinity with some of Fromm's views. In this article I compare Fromm's views on the subject of guilt with some of the more recent theoretical and empirical contributions in this area. I suggest that many of these developments were anticipated by Fromm, but that his contributions have not received due recognition. On the other hand, some of his concepts need to be modified in the light of later research.

As in most of Fromm's work, his contribution in this area is mainly formulated in theoretical terms. An integration of Fromm's theoretical concepts with later developments could have clinical relevance by leading to an alternative framework within which to organize our clinical data regarding aggressiveness and guilt.

Guilt According to Fromm

In what I consider to be possibly his central work, Man for Himself (1947), Fromm drew a fundamental distinction between authoritarian and humanistic conscience. He later went back to this distinction in an extended version of a 1969 essay, which may be read in the German edition of Fromm's complete works (the only one existing to date) (Fromm, 1980-1981, vol. 8). The following passages are quoted from Man for Himself. All italics are Fromm's.

According to Fromm, “the authoritarian conscience is the voice of an internalized external authority” (p. 148), and corresponds to what Freud


1 This article is a revision of a paper presented to the “Erich Fromm International Symposium” in Florence (Italy), November 14-16, 1986. The Proceedings were published under the title Incontro con Erich Fromm by Edizioni Medicea, Firenze 1988.

0010-7530/96 $2.00 + .05

Copyright © 1996 W. A. W. Institute

20 W. 74th Street, New York, NY 10023

All rights of reproduction in any form reserved.

Contemporary Psychoanalysis, Vol. 32, No. 3 (1996)

- 455 -

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2017, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.