Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To save articles in ePub format for your eBook reader…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To save an article in ePub format, look for the ePub reader icon above all articles for logged in users, and click it to quickly save the article, which is automatically downloaded to your computer or device.  (There may be times when due to font sizes and other original formatting, the page may overflow onto a second page.).

You can also easily save to PDF format, a journal like printed format.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Gottschalk, L.A. Fronczek, J. Abel, L. (1993). Emotions, Defenses, Coping Mechanisms, and Symptoms. Psychoanal. Psychol., 10(2):237-260.

(1993). Psychoanalytic Psychology, 10(2):237-260

Emotions, Defenses, Coping Mechanisms, and Symptoms

Louis A. Gottschalk, M.D., Ph.D., Janny Fronczek, M.A. and Lennart Abel, M.S.

Empirical research on affects and their defenses has not progressed much beyond the clinical psychoanalytic treatment paradigm initiated by Freud. Recently there has been renewed interest in trying to reach a consensus on the definitions of defenses and in achieving their reliable measurement with subjects within and outside the psychoanalytic situation. One method of measuring defenses that focuses on the major data of observation of psychoanalysis—namely, speech—is the Gottschalk-Gleser (1969) method of content analysis. This article report on a study using this method to examine 5-min samples of speech elicited from six different groups of individuals via purposely ambiguous standardized instructions simulating the request to free-associate. The purpose of this research was to determine how the magnitude of self-acknowledged anxiety and the defenses of anxiety displacement and anxiety denial relate to each other and to a variety of other factors, such as age, sex, intelligence, degree of mental disorder, magnitude of various kinds of hostility, and state of consciousness. The findings indicate that displacements and denials in mentally healthy individuals are more likely to function as coping mechanisms in contrast to their function as defenses or symptoms in mentally disordered people.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2018, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.