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Racker, H. (1951). Contribution to Psychoanalysis of Music. Am. Imago, 8(2):129-163.

(1951). American Imago, 8(2):129-163

Contribution to Psychoanalysis of Music

Heinrich Racker, Ph.D.

I. Introduction

Psychoanalysis and music. Difficulties and resistances. Causes of resistance.

II. Bibliographical review

III. Music as a defense against the paranoid situation (against the persecution by the bad objects).

The Ingrid case. Analysis of a dream. Anxiety situation from which song emerges. The relation between this anxiety and the oral and oedipal conflicts.

IV. Analysis of a drawing

Proof of the results obtained from the analysis of the dream. The technique of “musical defense”.

V. Scream and sound

Analysis of both phenomena. Analogy between the results of this analysis and those of former chapters. Synthesis.

VI. Music as a defense against the melancholic situation

Music as means of denying guilt and recuperating the lost object.

VII. Music itself is the good object

Why music is chosen as a means of defense. Music and language in Ingrid's case. Music and erotic union.


The problem of the specific factors in musical sublimation.

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