|Gershman, H. (1966). Psychoanalysis and Personality—A Dynamic Theory of Normal Personality. By Joseph Nuttin. A Mentor-Omega Book, New York: The New American Library of World Literature, Inc., 1953 and 1962, 75 ¢.. Am. J. Psychoanal., 26:103-104.|
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(1966). American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 26(1):103-104
Psychoanalysis and Personality—A Dynamic Theory of Normal Personality. By Joseph Nuttin. A Mentor-Omega Book, New York: The New American Library of World Literature, Inc., 1953 and 1962, 75 ¢.
Father Nuttin, a Catholic priest, and one of the foremost European psychologists, gives an excellent presentation of psychoanalysis. His study of the Freudian system as a psychological theory, therapeutic method, and as a philosophy of life is exceptionally knowledgeable, perceptive, and thorough. By merging his profoundly religious views of life with the findings of modern psychology, the author creates a dynamic, existential theory of the psychic structure of normal personality. It is a solid, scholarly, well-documented book.
There are numerous references to Horney, Jung, Adler, Alexander, and Sullivan. It is evident that the author understands his subject thoroughly. Many of his ideas parallel Horney's very closely. While many of his ideas have been accepted as part of contemporary psychoanalysis, it is worthy of note that this book first appeared in 1953, three years following publication of Neurosis and Human Growth.
Father Nuttin repeatedly reminds us that Freudian analysis should not be identified with psychoanalytic therapy proper. Freud's philosophy of culture and his view of man, based as they are on the Oedipus complex, represent a one-sided interpretation of Man. Nuttin objects to Freud's tendency to consider normal phenomena as deviations from the abnormal. No one questions the interpenetration of the normal and the pathological in the field of psychology. The student of psychology is so accustomed to looking for psychopathology in theories of motivation that normal psychology is overlooked as far as the dynamic structure of personality is concerned.
The chief aim of this book is to sketch a dynamic theory of personality in which different aspects of Man's complex life are
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