|Boigon, M. (1966). Discussion. Am. J. Psychoanal., 26:155-157.|
Viewing the full text of this document requires a subscription to PEP Web.
If you are coming in from a university from a registered IP address or secure referral page you should not need to log in. Contact your university librarian in the event of problems.
If you have a personal subscription on your own account or through a Society or Institute please put your username and password in the box below. Any difficulties should be reported to your group administrator.
(1966). American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 26(2):155-157
We are indebted to Dr. Maslow for his contribution to this symposium. Using the specific of the scientist, he has stated the dilemma of 20th-century man and suggested the solution for this dilemma. He puts in the foreground the questions of and direction, whose origins, he assumes, are in our emotional life.
In earlier periods man lived with a feeling of optimism and hope for certainty. It was a period when man believed in himself and the work of his hands. Man had faith in the power of reason and science. He trusted his gods, and conceived his own capacity for growth as endless, and his widening horizons as limitless. Man imagined that ignorance alone stood in the way of his for ordering and making harmonious and the universe so that “Peace on earth, goodwill toward men” would be a perpetual state.
has spread. Science has provided for Western man undreamed of comfort and the promise of a vastly better life for increasing numbers of people. We have succeeded in accomplishing what our ancestors dreamed would provide the means for individual freedom, for abolishing wars, and for making all men brothers. Instead, men find themselves more isolated and anxious than ever. Man experiences himself with a deep sense of having been displaced, and thrown off balance as a subjective creator and power. It is as though, having entered the promised land, modern man finds himself still wandering through the same desert, but with this great difference: the greater awareness, that there is no other promised land to struggle toward.
For centuries man has operated on the assumption that the ultimate goal was the control of his , animate and inanimate, internal and external, to achieve a permanent state of and to avoid the state of pain. Maslow has referred to this in his book, Toward a Psychology of Being, as arising from D-, i.e., the perceptions of the world from the point of view of deficiency needs of the individual. “D- could be called selfish , in which the world is organized into gratifiers and frustrators of our own needs, with other characteristics ignored or slurred.” Having perceived the world in this way, due to an -producing climate, and having coped with a hostile by harnessing it, what has man found? The technology that has transformed his now threatens to destroy it. The social
- 155 -
[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]