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Berger, M.M. (1971). Self-Confrontation Through Video. Am. J. Psychoanal., 31(1):48-58.

(1971). American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 31(1):48-58

Self-Confrontation Through Video

Milton M. Berger, M.D.

Confrontation leads to the challenge of confusing assumptions, double-binding ambiguities, denials, blind spots and contradictions. The exposure through self-confrontation of the existence and nature of conscious or unconscious resistance or of an impasse, in therapy as in life, can lead to its diagnosis, understanding and resolution, as communication between patient and therapist leads to clarity, compromise and hopefully, to change. As anxiety and alienation were the most significant concepts of the preceding decade, confrontation has perhaps become the most significant social and psychiatric concept and system involving us today.

The coming of age of television in psychiatry has provided us with a tool which can profoundly expand our understanding of seif-image(s) and self-concept(s). Horney1 was acutely interested in the function and clarification of the neurotically glorified self-image in order to undermine it during psychoanalytic treatment so that a real self and self-image could evolve. In recent times, Erikson,2 Goffman3 and Laing4 have been concerned with the development of identity and before them, Freud,5 Buber,6 Sullivan,7 Schilder,8 Allport,9 James,10 Tillich11 and others had expressed interest in body image and self-concept.

Garner12 has reviewed confrontation methods used in psychotherapy which range from a) Mesmer's13 hypnotic approach, to b) symptom-removal and behavioral change through the more active analytic approaches of Ferenczi,14 Reich,15 Alexander,[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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