|Gray, P. (1965). Limitations of Psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 13:181-190.|
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(1965). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 13:181-190
Limitations of Psychoanalysis
Arnold Z. Pfeffer called to the fact that this was the first panel of the American Psychoanalytic specifically directed to the of limitations. Freud's classical paper, "Analysis Terminable and Interminable," is the main contribution to this problem. Pfeffer clarified the scope of the panel by defining some perspectives suggested by the title of the panel. He stated that would be concentrated upon the limits of in achieving therapeutic and intrapsychic change.
While the matter might be divided into limitations in patients and those in the analyst, the panel's chief purpose was to explore limitations in the therapeutic and intrapsychic changes brought about by the . Pfeffer felt that the lends itself to such consideration only if the entire analytic situation is taken into account, that is, the specific arrangement between patient and analyst which brings about the . The may be understood as a function of the interaction between the two—analyst and patient Thus, limitations of the and hence of therapeutic and intrapsychic change depend upon limitations of the interaction between analyst and patient. Bearing in mind that at one level therapeutic change based on intrapsychic change arises from the resolution of psychic , a focus suggests itself for discussion—limitations of the degree to which conflicts can be resolved.
While Freud's later observations were viewed by some as indicating pessimism regarding the therapeutic possibilities of analysis, Pfeffer preferred to view these observations as realistic rather than pessimistic.
In order to provide a fresh background for the discussion of limitations, Robert S. Wallerstein presented a paper, "The Goals of : A Survey of Analytic Viewpoints." This important survey, the only formal presentation at the panel, stimulated much of the day's discussion.
While he called to a number of the technical and theoretical
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychoanalytic , Los Angeles, May, 1964. Chairman: Arnold Z. Pfeffer, M.D.
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