Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To access the PEP-Web Facebook pageā€¦

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

PEP-Web has a Facebook page! You can access it by clicking here.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Schlessinger, N. Gedo, J.E. Miller, J. (1967). The Scientific Style of Breuer and Freud in the Origins of Psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 15:404-422.

(1967). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 15:404-422

The Scientific Style of Breuer and Freud in the Origins of Psychoanalysis

Nathan Schlessinger, M.D., John E. Gedo, M.D. and Julian Miller, M.D.

SUMMARY

We have suggested a definition of scientific style, discussed the rationale for its study in published works, and explained differences in style demonstrable in the Studies on Hysteria.

An examination of Breuer's physiological research before and after his work in psychology demonstrates his deductive skills, technical ingenuity, perseverance, and precision in reporting results. In the Studies on Hysteria, the description of the case of Anna O. is in keeping with his physiological research. However, Breuer's withdrawal from the role of active investigator in the face of a transference-countertransference embroilment with denial and isolation of the sexual implications had fateful consequences. In the "Theoretical" chapter, there are inspired ideas, but the speculation, reasoning by analogy, and sparseness of evidence in his hypotheses represent a distinct and unique departure in Breuer's style. He appears to disclaim responsibility for his ideas, varies from caution to boldness in his assertions, and clings to his physiological theory.

Breuer, presumably removed by emotional conflict from contact with neurotic patients, was unable to utilize the inductive method adequately in arriving at interpretations, generalizations, and theories. Freud, on the other hand, persisted in observing patients and himself. The sequence of his efforts is briefly summarized. The significance of the interplay between inspiration and careful work with patients to confirm or refute ideas is stressed, emphasizing the role of scientific method as a form of reality testing and a stimulus to fruitful research.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.