Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To use Evernote for note taking…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Evernote is a general note taking application that integrates with your browser. You can use it to save entire articles, bookmark articles, take notes, and more. It comes in both a free version which has limited synchronization capabilities, and also a subscription version, which raises that limit. You can download Evernote for your computer here. It can be used online, and there’s an app for it as well.

Some of the things you can do with Evernote:

  • Save search-result lists
  • Save complete articles
  • Save bookmarks to articles


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Compton, A. Goldberg, D.A. (1985). A Reexamination of the Concept "Object" in Psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 33:167-185.

(1985). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 33:167-185

A Reexamination of the Concept "Object" in Psychoanalysis

Allan Compton, M.D. and Daniel A. Goldberg, M.D.

Allan Compton noted that the purpose of the panel was to explore the basic idea of the concept "object" as it is used and useful in psychoanalysis. When analysts speak of an object, are there different meanings? Are the differences incompatible or insignificant? Though the term "object" pervades psychoanalytic discourse as a basic and essential concept, he could find no careful, considered, extended effort to review the concept in the psychoanalytic literature.

As one example of the confusion this neglect has engendered, Compton said for most analysts "object" seems to mean something outside of an organism designated as a subject; for others, however, "object" refers to a diametric opposite—something mental and only mental, not to any material thing. If we allow that "object" has at least something to do with our idea of how the mind functions, the problem is how does the environment interact with what we study as mental, both developmentally and currently? A number of controversial concepts reflect attempts to address similar issues: "Internalization," "structure formation," "representation," and, more recently, "mentalization." All depend on the theorist's object concept.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.