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Kantrowitz, J.L. Katz, A.L. Paolitto, F. Sashin, J. Solomon, L. (1987). Changes in the Level and Quality of Object Relations in Psychoanalysis: Followup of a Longitudinal, Prospective Study. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 35:23-46.

(1987). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 35:23-46

Changes in the Level and Quality of Object Relations in Psychoanalysis: Followup of a Longitudinal, Prospective Study

Judy L. Kantrowitz, Ph.D., Ann L. Katz, Frank Paolitto, M.D., Jerome Sashin, M.D. and Leonard Solomon, Ph.D.


As part of a prospective, longitudinal study of suitability for and outcome of psychoanalysis, 22 patients were evaluated for changes in the level and quality of their object relations. These patients had been accepted for supervised analysis with candidates in training by senior analysts who had diagnosed them as neurotic. The majority of these patients reported difficulties in relationships as at least one of their reasons for originally seeking psychoanalytic treatment. Prior to beginning analysis, each patient was given a battery of psychological tests. One year after the termination of analysis, the test battery was readministered and a followup interview was conducted separately with each patient and analyst. Ratings of change based on patient and analyst interviews and comparisons of psychological tests before and after treatment all showed statistically significant improvement in the level and quality of object relations for this patient group. The results of this study support what is often observed in clinical practice, that psychoanalysis has a positive effect on the level and quality of a patient's object relations.

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