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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Wilson, A. Weinstein, L. (1996). The Transference And The Zone Of Proximal Development. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 44:167-200.

(1996). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 44:167-200

The Transference And The Zone Of Proximal Development

Arnold Wilson and Lissa Weinstein

The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is discussed, a construct that, when introduced into psychoanalysis, advances understanding of the key clinical relationship between the intrapsychic and the interpersonal. Strands from several psychoanalytic formulations are brought together and forged into a coherent construct, which is then contrasted with the transference. It is shown how the ZPD provides the transference with its mutative potential. Just as the transference provides the motivation for the recruitment of objects to accomplish its purposes (repetition), the ZPD leads to the recruitment of objects in order to accomplish its purposes (to learn by ushering individuals into a speech and internalization community). Under the sway of the transference objects are sought so that early disregulating experiences can be repeated and an opportunity provided for a better resolution. The ZPD works in tandem with the transference, capitalizing on the impetus provided, allowing for the possibility of internalization, a beneficial outcome to transference repetition which otherwise would have no agent of conflict resolution. In analysis, when the transference and the ZPD enjoin smoothly, the potential outcome is “insight” in a broad sense. The processes of the ZPD define the optimal interpersonal context of psychoanalysis, one that allows the intrapsychic to be best reached by analytic interventions. Given the inevitability of mutual influences between analyst and analysand, the analyst strives simultaneously to be in the ZPD yet outside the transference with the analysand, a crucial tension that is a constant, precarious technical factor. This useful tension casts light on such procedural guides as optimal frustration and abstinence.

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