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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Gardner, M.R. (1997). Commentaries. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 45:45-49.

(1997). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 45:45-49


M. Robert Gardner

Lawrence Friedman offers a characteristically thoughtful and thought-provoking blend of the manifestly affirmative and the parenthetically, delicately adversarial. Showing admirable restraint, he does not scold us for wavering between restrictive orthodoxy and promiscuous pluralism. Nor does he chide us for waiting a century before attempting anything beyond episodic and rudimentary examination of our analyzing instruments. Indeed, he praises us for at last getting on the ball. And he rejoices with us for being not, as some might say, occupants of a Tower of Babel, but rather, participants in a renaissance.

But all that restraint and praise is simply to set us up. Friedman's real agenda is to invite us—perhaps even push us to fuller self-scrutiny. He begins by retracing Freud's discovery of the analytic method and the ways in which Freud attempted, patiently and persistently, to help not only his patients but himself. Now, that's a very provocative way to begin. Friedman asks us to set aside—only momentarily, of course—our long-treasured views of the excellent patient-oriented reasons for which Freud moved from one stage to another, and accordingly asks us to look not at what Freud was doing for his patients but at what he was doing for himself.

To that end, Friedman highlights the epigenesis of Freud's indulgence and temperance of his adversarial inclinations. That is, Friedman traces the ways in which Freud's evolving analytic method includes, at each point in its development, compromises between these inclinations and other, countervailing ones.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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