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Winer, J.A. Ornstein, E.D. (2001). Titration in the Treatment of the More Troubled Patient. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 49(3):891-908.

(2001). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 49(3):891-908

Titration in the Treatment of the More Troubled Patient

Jerome A. Winer and Eric D. Ornstein

This article defines and discusses a modification of technique recommended by the authors in the psychoanalytic treatment of more troubled patients—a modification they call titration. Titration is defined as a conscious decision by the analyst to increase or decrease assistance (or gratification) gradually, in order to facilitate the analytic process. The authors emphasize the complexity of decisions in treatment by focusing on the decision-making processes that titration requires. Guidelines and a case vignette are presented. The authors conclude by considering some of the politics involved in the introduction of technique modifications, the salience of the titration concept, and directions for further exploration.

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