Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see translations of this article…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When there are translations of the current article, you will see a flag/pennant icon next to the title, like this: 2015-11-06_11h14_24 For example:


Click on it and you will see a bibliographic list of papers that are published translations of the current article. Note that when no published translations are available, you can also translate an article on the fly using Google translate.


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Curtis, H.C. (2001). Freud and the Bolsheviks: Psychoanalysis in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union. By Martin A. Miller. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998, 256 pp., $30.00.. J. Appl. Psychoanal. Stud., 3(1):69-75.

(2001). Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 3(1):69-75

Freud and the Bolsheviks: Psychoanalysis in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union. By Martin A. Miller. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998, 256 pp., $30.00.

Review by:
Homer C Curtis, M.D.

Psychoanalysis is fortunate in having Professor Martin A. Miller as the chronicler of its heretofore neglected history in Russia. A student not only of Russian history but also of psychoanalysis, he is in the ideal position to correct this rather puzzling and unfortunate omission. He notes that previous histories of psychoanalysis (Jones, Fine, Gay, Kurzwell and Ellenberger) have had little or nothing to say about the impact of Freud's work and the development of a vigorous and creative psychoanalytic community in prerevolutionary Russia. As evidence of Russian enthusiasm over Freud's ideas, translation of his Interpretation of Dreams into Russian preceded translation into any other foreign language.

Professor Miller finds some basis for this Russian readiness to embrace psychoanalysis in the realization of the failure of existing theories of organic etiology in mental illness to find practical answers beyond hospital confinement. New conceptual frameworks and therapeutic solutions were needed and psychoanalysis offered such a promise. It must also be recognized that in addition to psychiatrists searching for better theoretical and therapeutic understanding, members of the academic, literary, and intellectual communities found psychoanalysis appealing for their special interests.

Professor Miller views this time in Russian psychoanalytic evolution as critical. Expansion of professional capacities of clinical practice and organization had reached a point in 1914 where psychoanalysis seemed poised for beginning formal training programs and broader cultural penetration. Then war broke out, preempting such potential for service to the Fatherland. While medical and psychiatric demands were those of a nation at war, literature of the period reflected the psychoanalytic influence on the understanding of and recommendations for the treatment of the psychiatric casualties of warfare.


[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.