Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To use Evernote for note taking…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Evernote  is a general note taking application that integrates with your browser.  You can use it to save entire articles, bookmark articles, take notes, and more. It comes in both a free version which has limited synchronization capabilities, and also a subscription version, which raises that limit. You can download Evernote for your computer here. It can be used online, and there’s an app for it as well.

Some of the things you can do with Evernote:

  • Save search-result lists
  • Save complete articles
  • Save bookmarks to articles

 

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Perelberg, R.J. (1995). Violence in Children and Young Adults: A Review of the Literature and Some New Formulations. Bul. Anna Freud Centre, 18(2):89-122.
    

(1995). Bulletin of the Anna Freud Centre, 18(2):89-122

Violence in Children and Young Adults: A Review of the Literature and Some New Formulations

Rosine Jozef Perelberg

Introduction

Since Freud postulated aggression as a drive in 1920, this concept has been a source of profound debate among psychoanalysts. Few ideas in psychoanalytic theory have generated more controversy (Mitchell, 1993) than the question of whether aggression is a fundamental or irreducible human instinct, whether it is innate or reactive to the environment. The perception of aggression as a drive has been followed by many, including Klein (1957), Abraham (1924), Solnit (1972), Kernberg (1984) and Shengold (1991, 1993).

Aggression has also been seen as a reaction to an experience of danger, such as breaks in attunement (Stern, 1985), impingement (Winnicott, 1971), negative affective experiences (Osofsky & Elberhart-Wright 1988), or as defence against threats to the psychological self (Fonagy, Moran and Target, 1993; Fairbairn (1954) viewed aggression as a result of the infant's deprivation and lack of gratification.

The term aggression has been used to cover a wide variety of behaviours, from self-assertion to destructiveness. The various theories

—————————————

Several people have assisted me in my search of the literature for this review. Most of all I would like to thank Paula Lavis for the energy and commitment she put into helping me to collect the bulk of the papers; Kayla Roberg from the Anna Freud Centre Library for the references she provided; Dr Herbert J Schlesinger for pointing out to me the references to the work of K. Menninger; Professor Osofsky for sending me copies of her papers; the Sigmund Freud House for sending me a copy of Dr Kernberg's paper so promptly; Dr Mervin Glasser, Dr Barrie Biven, Dr Phil Mollon and Dr Jill Hodges for sending me copies of their unpublished work; and to Dr Eva Laible, Mr Joshua Lerner and Mrs Anat Trieman for providing me with additional references.

- 89 -

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2017, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.