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Sterba, R.F. (1959). Eduard Hitschmann—1871-1957. Bul. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 15:745-746.

(1959). Bulletin of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 15:745-746

Eduard Hitschmann—1871-1957

Richard F. Sterba, M.D.

The Association reports with regret the death of the following members:

Dr. Jacob E. Finesinger—June 19, 1959

Dr. Flanders Dunbar—August 21, 1959

Dr. Gregory Zilboorg—September 17, 1959

Dr. Bela Mittelmann—October 4, 1959

Dr. Eduard Hitschmann, after Jekels' death the Nestor of Psychoanalysis, died at the age of 86 in Cambridge, Mass., where he had lived and worked since 1940.

Dr. Hitschmann was born in Vienna, where he graduated from the Gymnasium and from Medical School and where he was active as a physician and psychoanalyst till 1938. His training in medicine was unusually thorough and engaged him in rotating residencies at the famous Allgemeine Krankenhaus for eight years. He emerged from it as a brilliant clinician and outstanding diagnostician. But his life interest became psychoanalysis. In 1905 he joined the little group which gathered every Wednesday at Freud's house and out of which the psychoanalytic movement grew to span the whole globe. He presented several papers to the "Wednesday evenings, " among them a synopsis of his book Freuds Neurosenlehre, in a sense the first textbook of psychoanalysis which Freud acknowledged with praise. When Freud recommended that Vienna should follow the example of Berlin where Eitingon established a psychoanalytic outpatient clinic in 1920, it was Eduard Hitschmann who responded to the call and undertook the job of founding the Psychoanalytische Ambulatorium in 1922. With the help of his co-workers—among them Wilhelm Reich, Grete Bibring, Edward Kronold, Edmund Bergler, Richard Sterba, and others—the Ambulatorium acquired recognition as an important center of clinical psychoanalysis and as the foundation for the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute with which it was closely connected. Dr. Hitschmann was one of the first teachers at the Vienna Institute and remained active in it till the invading Germans stopped all psychoanalytic activity. With the help of Dr. Jones he and his wife emigrated to England where he received a working permit. Two years later he and Mrs. Hitschmann moved to Boston where he was active as therapist and teacher till his death.

Dr. Eduard Hitschmann's contributions to psychoanalytic literature by far outnumber 100. The majority of them is devoted to clinical subjects.

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