Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To search for a specific phrase…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Did you write an article’s title and the article did not appear in the search results? Or do you want to find a specific phrase within the article? Go to the Search section and write the title or phrase surrounded by quotations marks in the “Search for Words or Phrases in Context” area.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Welldon, E. (2012). Joining the Resistance by Carol Gilligan. Published by Polity, Malden, MA, 2011; 140 pp.. Brit. J. Psychother., 28(4):545-548.

(2012). British Journal of Psychotherapy, 28(4):545-548

Joining the Resistance by Carol Gilligan. Published by Polity, Malden, MA, 2011; 140 pp.

Review by:
Estela Welldon

In 1982 the publication of In a Different Voice made its author Carol Gilligan a household name, particularly in the USA. Her work has changed our expectations about what men and women can offer to society and it has been quoted widely. Her findings are important to feminists, social reformers, political activists and clinicians alike.

In her first book, Gilligan's hypotheses in relation to the development of morality in girls and boys, created a huge stir. Her research on voices is largely responsible for changing the ways that many view men and women in psychological and social terms. This work gave an added meaning to gender and it articulated ideas which had been long silenced to ensure that girls approaching adolescence ‘behaved well’ and retained their required sexual attractiveness. Her research was carried out in mainstream schools and involved listening to both boys and girls. She observed that, repeatedly, developmental theories on moral development had been based on observations of men's lives. It was assumed that when women failed to develop in the way men do, something was wrong with the women. However, Gilligan stated that something must be wrong with the ‘male model’ theory of moral development with its emphasis on abstract rules in which girls were somehow deficient.

Her research demonstrated that theories of gender development had a ‘need’ for the girls to ‘normalize’ themselves according to social demands if they wanted to achieve ‘mature’ relationships with the other gender.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.