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Sirois, F. (2007). Le Déjà-Raconté et la Reconstruction. Canadian J. Psychoanal., 15:22-40.

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(2007). Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis, 15(1):22-40

Le Déjà-Raconté et la Reconstruction

François Sirois

Le présent travail poursuit deux objectifs, le premier étant de faire le point sur la paramnésie nommée déjà-raconté (fausse reconnaissance) depuis la description qu'en a donnée Freud et dans les travaux postérieurs. Deux aspects de ce phénomène psychique seront discutés: le versant transféren-tiel et la fonction de couverture. L'utilité clinique du déjà-raconté tient à sa fonction d'indicateur d'un changement dans la direction du matériel associatif depuis l'actualité du transfert vers un contenu « historique ». Cette discussion conduira l'auteur à examiner ensuite la pertinence du déjà-raconté dans le processus de reconstruction, qui sera brièvement introduit dans la seconde partie de l'étude à partir de la controverse opposant Fonagy et Blum. La reconstruction est située en regard de deux autres types d'intervention, l'interprétation dynamique et l'interprétation génétique. Le déjà-raconté peut surgir dans ce contexte et être utilisé à la fois comme indicateur du moment pour avancer une reconstruction et comme façon d'en évaluer la portée. En reprenant d'autres exemples cliniques déjà publiés, l'auteur illustre le maniement du déjà-raconté en séance, selon qu'il a une fonction de résistance ou une fonction d'ouverture vers du nouveau matériel.

The aim of this paper on technique is twofold. First, to offer a review of the paramnesia known as déjà raconté (fausse reconnaissance) from Freud's initial statements to later works. Two aspects are stressed: transferential features and the screening function of historical material. The clinical usefulness of déjà raconté is discussed as an indicator enabling a shift to genetic material. Second, the argumentation leads to examine the relevance of déjà raconté to the process of reconstruction which is briefly introduced in the latter part of the paper along the Fonagy-Blum controversy. Reconstruction

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is set on a continuum with two other types of interventions, dynamic and genetic interpretations. It is shown how déjà raconté can come up along that sequence to be used both as an indicator to signal appropriate timing and a way to assess reconstruction. A clinical vignette illustrates alternate management of déjà raconté within sessions, according to its shifting function of transference resistance when it happens before an intervention or as an opening to unconscious material when it happens after an interpretation.

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