Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from pepeasy.pep-web.org. You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:

On IOS:

  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu

 

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Witenberg, E.G. (1974). Some Notes on Narcissism. Contemp. Psychoanal., 10:465-468.

(1974). Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 10:465-468

Some Notes on Narcissism

Earl G. Witenberg, M.D.

DAVID RAPPAPORT ONCE REMARKED during a workshop at the White Institute, circa 1954, that "We shouldn't kill each other over our theories." It used to be commonplace that psychoanalytic writers would describe man in terms of the arc-reflex model, the topographic model or the economic. Today it is more usual for therapists to introduce a fourth model — one in which real interpersonal experience of the person is considered as well as the fantasy. Those of us who remember the days when ego-psychology came to the fore remember the violence we felt that had been done to the libido theory. Today certain distinguished ego psychologists call for an end to the theory of the drive. The fact is that the use of an old internally consistent theory, useful in its own right, as a foundation for introducing concepts which are not derived from it confuses, confounds and ultimately diminishes it. In this way, seeing "new" in terms of the "old" restricts our perceptions. A theory should bring together a mass of seemingly unrelated data into a comprehensible whole so that there is clarification and direction for setting up testable hypotheses. "Energy distribution" which some speak of is unclear to me in these "new conglomerate" theories.

"Libido" is used the same way. Libido and "aggression" are used as metaphors for "good" and "bad."

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.