Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see statistics of the Most Popular Journal Articles on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Statistics of the Most Popular Journal Articles on PEP-Web can be reviewed at any time. Just click the “See full statistics” link located at the end of the Most Popular Journal Articles list in the PEP Section.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Fromm, E. (1975). Humanism and Psychoanalysis. Contemp. Psychoanal., 11:396-405.

(1975). Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 11:396-405

Humanism and Psychoanalysis

Erich Fromm, Ph.D.

THE TITLE OF THIS ESSAY may sound surprising to some readers. They may ask, "What has a philosophical view, humanism, to do with psychoanalysis, a therapy for mental illness?" It is precisely the purpose of this paper to show the intrinsic connection between humanism and psychoanalysis, by discussing some essential features of both systems.

What is humanism? The conventional definition is that it was a movement in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries which represented a return to the study of classical antiquity, specifically that of Greek and Roman literature and art. While this is true as far as it goes, it is much too narrow and superficial. First of all, because humanism was not restricted to the Renaissance, but was continued in the age of Enlightenment, and has found a new revival in the humanist movement of our day. Secondly, because Renaissance humanism, like its continuation into the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries, was the expression of a global philosophy which, in spite of many internal differences, was characterized by fundamental ideas as well as by a certain human attitude common to all humanist thinkers. Humanism, both in its Christian religious and in its secular, nontheistic manifestations, is characterized by faith in man, in his possibility to develop to ever higher stages, in the unity of the human race, in tolerance and peace, and in reason and love as the forces which enable man to realize himself, to become what he can be.

Let us examine the philosophy of humanism in somewhat greater detail.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.