Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Mitrani, J.L. (1995). On Adhesive Pseudo-object Relations Part Ii: Illustration. Contemp. Psychoanal., 31:140.

(1995). Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 31:140

On Adhesive Pseudo-object Relations Part Ii: Illustration

Judith L. Mitrani, Ph.D.

Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And when you look into the abyss, the abyss also looks into you.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil

NOT UNLIKE OTHER DISCOVERIES rooted in the observation of infants and children, the seminal work of Esther Bick (1968), (1986) on adhesive identification and her explication of the concept of the psychic skin" along with its functions have impacted our psychoanalytic understanding of the development of normal/narcissistic object relations and has led to some important technical considerations in the treatment of adult patients. The evolution and refinement of Bick's ideas, especially as they have been developed in the work of Donald Meltzer and his colleagues (1975a, 1975b) and Frances Tustin (1969), (1972), (1981), (1983), (1984a), (1984b), (1986), (1990), has led to the notion, presently under discussion, that there may be a mode of pseudo-object relating; it is markedly characterized by adhesive identity or adhesive equation rather than projective identification and may be considered as both prehistoric and pathogenetic to the normal/narcissistic object relations that have been so well defined and documented by Melanie Klein and her exponents. I have termed this phenomenon adhesive pseudo-object relations in the first of this pair of articles (Mitrani, 1994).

Having already compared and contrasted normal/narcissistic object relations with adhesive pseudo-object relations in the previous article, I will devote the present article to the illustration of this primitive way of being, an illustration derived not from clinical data, but from a literary work of art.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.