When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?
Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).
When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.
To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):
Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.
A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:
counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*
There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.
The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.
For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.
Schlachet, B.C. (1998). Views from the Hurricane: Living with Bipolar Disorder: A Review of An Unquiet Mind: A Memoir of Moods and Madness by Kay Redfield Jamison; Leaving a Doll's House by Claire Bloom. An Unquiet Mind: A Memoir of Moods and Madness by Kay Redfield Jamison. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995. 224 pp. and Leaving a Doll's House by Claire Bloom. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1996. 251 pp.. Contemp. Psychoanal., 34(1):146-151.
Views from the Hurricane: Living with Bipolar Disorder: A Review of An Unquiet Mind: A Memoir of Moods and Madness by Kay Redfield Jamison; Leaving a Doll's House by Claire Bloom. An Unquiet Mind: A Memoir of Moods and Madness by Kay Redfield Jamison. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995. 224 pp. and Leaving a Doll's House by Claire Bloom. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1996. 251 pp.
Barbara Cohn Schlachet, Ph.D.
Upon learning that I was writing this review, my eldest son, who is unfailingly in touch with the ever-changing Zeitgeist, informed me that bipolar disorder is the disease du jour. It has, in fact, become one of those fashionable terms that get used as shorthand descriptions in conversation: “He's bipolar” is like “You're being paranoid” or “neurotic.” I told him that I regret hearing this, because this kind of inclusion into the larger culture trivializes a condition that is serious, and when accurately diagnosed, may be treated by appropriate intervention. For a similar instance of the dangers of popularization, one need only think of “recovered memory” in regard to childhood sexual abuse issues.
My own interest in manic-depressive or bipolar disorder arises primarily from its occurrence in my own family and, of course, from its occurrence in my practice. My own experience has made me wonder whether or not we, as psychoanalysts, are enough attuned to bipolar disorders. Certainly, most of us, during hospital internships and residencies, have come in contact with patients in florid manic states, or in the major depressions that often follow. Yet those people in our clinical practices who describe episodes of rage and irritability, who exhibit a sense of entitlement bordering on the grandiose, who are easily narcissistically wounded, and who swing between idealization and disillusionment in their relationships, are more often diagnosed as narcissistic or borderline personalities.
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