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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

White, J. (1988). Living with the Sphinx: Papers from the Women's Therapy Centre, edited by Sheila Ernst and Marie Maguire, Women's Press, 1987, x + 265 pages, £5.95. Free Associations, 1O(14):136-147.

(1988). Free Associations, 1O(14):136-147

Living with the Sphinx: Papers from the Women's Therapy Centre, edited by Sheila Ernst and Marie Maguire, Women's Press, 1987, x + 265 pages, £5.95

Review by:
Jean White

The Women's Therapy Centre was founded in 1976 by Louise Eichenbaum and Susie Orbach. It is based in Islington, North London, and has grown considerably from its beginnings as a feminist resource for individual and group psychotherapy. The staff team now consists of twelve psychotherapists and administrators and organizes itself collectively. The Centre is a voluntary agency, registered as a charity, and derives its income from a mixture of sources, including fees on a sliding scale from clients who can afford to pay. As well as continuing to offer psychoanalytic psychotherapy for women, couple therapy and a range of theme-centred workshops, the Centre has an advice and information service on women's mental health issues, does specialized work on eating problems, and runs an educational programme for professionals in related fields, including psychologists, psychiatric social workers, psychiatrists and other psychotherapists and counsellors. The staff have thus built up a vast resource of experience of working with women, which is shared and developed in their study group. Some of the papers in Living with the Sphinx originated in this study group, although all were written individually and reflect the differing theoretical perspectives within the staff team.


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