Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To sort articles by Rank…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

You can specify Rank as the sort order when searching (it’s the default) which will put the articles which best matched your search on the top, and the complete results in descending relevance to your search. This feature is useful for finding the most important articles on a specific topic.

You can also change the sort order of results by selecting rank at the top of the search results pane after you perform a search. Note that rank order after a search only ranks up to 1000 maximum results that were returned; specifying rank in the search dialog ranks all possibilities before choosing the final 1000 (or less) to return.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Šebek, M. (1993). The Concept of Reality and Psychoanalysis Practised in Underground Conditions. Free Associations, 4(2):167-179.

(1993). Free Associations, 4(2):167-179


The Concept of Reality and Psychoanalysis Practised in Underground Conditions

Michael Šebek, Ph.D., Csc

My colleagues and I were trained in psychoanalysis during the period of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia.1 This very simple statement raises many questions among psychoanalysts in other countries which have been democratic for decades, or even centuries. Could psychoanalysis have existed under Communist totalitarian power? If yes, then in what ‘form’. What about ‘heroes’ of the process of survival? What social and cultural conditions contributed to this process?

Some Historical Facts

There were two psychoanalytic groups in Czechoslovakia in the 1920s. The first one was organized in Prague by the Russian émigré Nikolaj Osipov; the second in Košice (Slovakia) by the Czech psychiatrist Jaroslav StuchlíAk. Prague became the centre of the psychoanalytic movement in the thirties when Otto Fenichel, Annie Reich and the Viennese Psychoanalytical Society helped to establish the Czech Study Group, which was recognized by the International Psychoanalytical Association in 1936 at the fourteenth IPA Congress at Marienbad.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.