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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Clarke, G. (1994). Notes towards an object-relations approach to cinema. Free Associations, 4(3):369-390.

(1994). Free Associations, 4(3):369-390

Special Feature: Psychoanalysis and Cinema

Notes towards an object-relations approach to cinema

Graham Clarke


Previous applications of psychoanalysis to the cinema have broadly fallen into two camps: the Freudian approach, where the film is treated like a dream-text and interpreted as such, or where Freudian notions of dream and psychopathology are used to represent aspects of the drama; and Lacanian approaches, where the problem of the subject is central.

The development of Lacan-inspired psychoanalytic responses to cinema has been hegemonic. Since Lacan criticized and disagreed with the ‘British’ object-relations theories developed by Klein, Fairbairn and Winnicott, one would not expect the following applications of object-relations theory to cinema to be readily received into this discourse. However, the treatment of the film as text, like the notion of the unconscious being structured as a language, has its limitations, not least of which is the obscurity of the work that has emerged.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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