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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hamilton, J.W. (1995). The legend of Sweeney Todd and its relevance to theories of narcissistic development. Free Associations, 5(3):352-356.

(1995). Free Associations, 5(3):352-356

The legend of Sweeney Todd and its relevance to theories of narcissistic development

James W. Hamilton

Kohut's position that narcissism develops along a line separate from the object-instinctual drives was challenged previously by tracing in detail the oral sadistic genetic roots of particular illustrations of vengeful behavior, carefully selected by Kohut to support his contention that affects such as vengeance, bitterness and sarcasm are direct derivatives of narcissistic rage (Hamilton, 1978, 1981; Kohut, 1971, 1972). In this paper, the example of Sweeney Todd will be introduced as additional evidence that unresolved oral issues are critical determinants of narcissistic rage, which, according to Kohut (1972), is characterized by:

The need for revenge, for righting a wrong, for undoing a hurt by whatever means, and a deeply anchored, unrelenting compulsion in the pursuit of all these aims which gives no rest to those who have suffered a narcissistic injury … which set it apart from other kinds of aggression.

Sweeney Todd is the central figure of a nineteenth century British legend that has since achieved universal appeal and the principal character in a major musical of the same name by Stephen Sondheim that opened in New York in 1979.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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