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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from  You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon  Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Merced, M. (2017). How Narcissistic Injury May Contribute to Reactive Violence: A Case Example Using Stanley Kubrick's The Shining. Int. J. Appl. Psychoanal. Stud., 14(1):81-96.

(2017). International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 14(1):81-96

How Narcissistic Injury May Contribute to Reactive Violence: A Case Example Using Stanley Kubrick's The Shining

Matthew Merced

To many observers, reactive violence can present as a puzzling phenomenon. Offenders often report experiencing cognitive distortions during the event. Offenders may have no history of violence, yet crime scenes are often described as “horrific.” When violence manifests, the motive often seems vastly disproportionate to any precipitating factor. Reactive violence is fueled by intense emotions, although they may not be evident before or during the event. How best to reconcile these findings and provide a parsimonious and coherent explanation? Psychoanalytic theory can illuminate the psychological processes that may underlie reactive violence. In particular, how narcissistic injury can generate impulsive aggression in vulnerable individuals. I draw upon Stanley Kubrick's film The Shining to study the phenomenon. While The Shining is a fictional horror film in which a family is tormented by supernatural forces, I argue that the horror does not emanate from paranormal sources; rather, it is found within human psychology.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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