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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Clark, L.P. (1920). A Study of Primary Somatic Factors in Compulsive and Obsessive Neuroses. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 1:150-160.

(1920). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 1:150-160

A Study of Primary Somatic Factors in Compulsive and Obsessive Neuroses

L. Pierce Clark, M.D.

Until the introduction of modern methods of mental analysis the compulsive and obsessive neurotic lived a comparatively hopeless life of invalidism. One system of physical and suggestive therapeutics after another was tried. The neurotic by force of will, which was reinforced by each new hope, succeeded in staying or occasionally unwrapping the defense formulas of the compulsive or obsessive state. But not for long did the obsessive false thinking remain repressed or sidetracked. Sooner or later the old mental crippling returned, and the patient sought new remedies or new Lourdes. But with the advent of psychoanalysis the chronic grip of this type of neurosis was for the first time unclasped more or less permanently, —though not quite completely. It may now be rather definitely stated that no compulsive neurotic is completely cured, even less so than any other form of psychoneurosis. We are told the reason is that the basic defect is really so infantile that its roots may not be fully eradicated. This explanation is not quite sufficient nor true, for before the neurosis as such put in an appearance there were in evidence certain instinctive defects upon which the neurosis was engrafted, or, better, the neurosis was a developmental unfoldment of this somatic defect. Just what these innate constitutional defects are, has been the subject of intensive inquiry. They have been made the more patent and obvious, however, since precise psychoanalysis has unearthed the infantile plan of instinctive life. These congenital or inheritable traits of personality differ considerably from each other though the neuroses in their manifestations may be fairly comparable in their fluorescence. Although one may not say that there is a constant pattern-plan of constitutional make up for this more definite entity of a neurosis, it may be defined in general terms.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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