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Ferenczi, S. (1921). Psycho-Analytical Observations on Tic. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 2:1-30.

(1921). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 2:1-30

Psycho-Analytical Observations on Tic

S. Ferenczi


Psycho-Analysis has done very little so far towards investigating that very common neurotic symptom which, following French nomenclature, goes under the general term of "Tic" or "convulsive Tic". In the notes appended to the account of "Technical Difficulties in the Analysis of Hysteria" in a case I had for treatment, I gave a short digression on this subject, and expressed the opinion that many Tics may turn out to be stereotyped equivalents of Onanism, and that the remarkable connection of Tics with Copralalia when all motor expression is suppressed might be nothing else than the uttered expression of the same erotic emotion usually abreacted in symbolic movements. On the same occasion I drew attention to the close relation between stereotypies and symptomatic acts (in sickness and in health) on the one hand and the Tics, or rather Onanism, on the other.

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