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Hubback, C.J. (1921). Fijian Society, or the Sociology and Psychology of the Fijians: By W. Deane, M. A., B. D. (Macmillan and Co., London, 1921. Pp. 248, Bibliography and Map. Price 16s.). Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 2:246-247.

(1921). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 2:246-247

Fijian Society, or the Sociology and Psychology of the Fijians: By W. Deane, M. A., B. D. (Macmillan and Co., London, 1921. Pp. 248, Bibliography and Map. Price 16s.)

Review by:
C. J.M. Hubback

The value of this study of the Fijian lies very largely in the first hand nature of the material it contains. The book is the expansion of a thesis written for a degree in Philosophy in the University of Sydney, but the material was collected while the author was in charge of a missionary training college in Fiji, with opportunities of travel among the islands of the group, and in daily contact with Fijians. The subtitle suggests a more exhaustive treatment than is attempted. Description rather than analysis of the considerable mass of evidence is undertaken. The transitions are accordingly at times abrupt, but the various topics are presented with much freshness, and the geographical background in its relation to Fijian culture is indicated with a vividness that is often lacking in works of this kind. The natural connection linking beliefs, customs and the development of the skilled arts with the occupations necessarily followed by islanders in quest of food, viz.: fishing and the making of canoes, nets, etc., is abundantly illustrated (the chapter on net-making is remarkably interesting). Again, the folk-tale or legend of the doings of the clan-leader hero, Tanovu, in part a creation-myth, gains immensely by the way it is referred to the geography of Kandavu, an island which with its minor archipelago is separated by a deep sound from the rest of the group. Similarly when Mr. Deane tells us of the mysterious paths cut through the forest along the highest ridges of the mountain-ranges of the main islands leading on to lonely spurs of rock overhanging the sea, and yet accessible from the villages where men are born and die, a new comprehension dawns on us of the Pathway of the Souls' (Sala Ni Yalo) described by J.

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