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Eder, M.D. (1923). Psychology and Morals: By J. A. Hadfield, M. A., M. B., Ch. B. (Methuen, London, 1923, pp. VIII + 186. Price 6/—.). Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 4:506-506.

(1923). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 4:506-506

Psychology and Morals: By J. A. Hadfield, M. A., M. B., Ch. B. (Methuen, London, 1923, pp. VIII + 186. Price 6/—.)

Review by:
M. D. Eder

In the mid-nineteenth century the late Martin F. Tupper enjoyed an enormous vogue through his 'Proverbial Philosophy', a book that went through about 30 editions and contained, according to a biographer in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 'many apt and striking expressions, which appealed to a large and uncritical audience'. A quotation from Tupper

Passion may be hot and strong, but thou canst be its master,

Unless thy silly weakness yield the battle to the foe

will serve to show the soundness of the philosopher's views and the resemblance to the advice now being proffered in scores of books to those 'whose souls are sick within them' (Tupper) labelled the New Psychology. Of course, Tupper, who, by the way, was the son of a doctor and a prolific author, did not profess that his guidance was psychological, nor did he use such terms as endopsychic conflict, complex, repression, sublimation etc., a terminology which, for instance, plentifully besprinkles 'Psychology and Morals' doubtless substantiating its claim to apply 'the latest developments of Psychology to the practical problems of moral conduct' (vide jacket). It would be ufair not to single out a notable difference between Martin Tupper and his spiritual heirs: Tupper wrote at enormous length and kept on repeating himself; his spiritual heirs write briefly and usually repeat one another.

To end with two quotations. From 'Psychology and Morals': 'Analysis must be fortified by synthesis, suggestion by determination, religion by moral endeavour.' From 'Proverbial Philosophy': 'Taste my simple store and rest one soothing hour.'

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