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Kardiner, A. (1924). Sexuality: Knight Dunlap. Psychological Factors in Birth Control. Journal of Abnormal Psychology and Social Psychology, Vol. XVII, No. 4, Jan.–Mar. 1923, p. 339.. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 5:95-96.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Sexuality: Knight Dunlap. Psychological Factors in Birth Control. Journal of Abnormal Psychology and Social Psychology, Vol. XVII, No. 4, Jan.–Mar. 1923, p. 339.

(1924). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 5:95-96

Sexuality: Knight Dunlap. Psychological Factors in Birth Control. Journal of Abnormal Psychology and Social Psychology, Vol. XVII, No. 4, Jan.–Mar. 1923, p. 339.

A. Kardiner

Mr. Dunlap regards most of the objections to birth control as rationalizations

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of a deep-seated disapproval by the 'social organism' of the effort to frustrate one of its strongest tendencies. Interference with perpetuation, growth, and expansion of the group arouses the antagonism of those individuals in the group who have the 'group feeling' well developed. The objections are directed mainly against the universal application of contraceptive practices.

He finds, moreover, that contraceptives are harmful.

Aside from the production of frigidity in women, and chronic irritation and impotency in the male, very serious psychological deteriorations in the subtler emotional relationships of couples … are unfortunately common results of the usual contraceptive practices.

The central problem is, therefore, to find a contraceptive free from psychological objections. He is furthermore interested, as is McDougall, in the spread of the gospel of contraception to the lower races and to the less intelligent members of the group, the reason for this being that, since the more intelligent races and individuals in a group practise contraception with such bad eugenic results (!), balance can somehow be restored by giving contraception greater currency and public approval. In compromising his 'group feeling' to the purpose of making the world safe for the more intelligent races, and more intelligent members of the group, we smell, alack, a bit of propaganda.

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Article Citation

Kardiner, A. (1924). Sexuality. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 5:95-96

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