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J., E. (1929). An Historical Introduction to Modern Psychology: By Gardner Murphy, Ph.D. (International Library of Psychology, Philosophy and Scientific Method, Kegan Paul, London, 1929. Pp. 470. Price 21 s. net.). Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 10:471-472.
(1929). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 10:471-472
An Historical Introduction to Modern Psychology: By Gardner Murphy, Ph.D. (International Library of Psychology, Philosophy and Scientific Method, Kegan Paul, London, 1929. Pp. 470. Price 21 s. net.)
Review by: E. J.
This is a very valuable and carefully-written account of the development of modern psychology, and the width of its scope can be indicated by the following list of chapter headings: The Intellectual Background of Seventeenth-Century Psychology, The Psychology of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, The Psychology of the Early Nineteenth Century, Some Intellectual Antecedents of Experimental Psychology, The Beginnings of Experimental Psychology, British Psychology in the Mid-Nineteenth Century, The Theory of Evolution, Psychiatry from Pinel and Mesmer to Charcot, German Physiological Psychology before Wundt, Psychology in the Age of Wundt, Early Studies of Memory, William James, Structural and Functional Types of Psychology, The Thought Processes, Experiments on the Acquisition of Skill, Behaviourism, Child Psychology, Social Psychology and the Psychology of Religion, Psychoanalysis, Instinct, The Measurement of Intelligence, Personality, Contemporary Physiological Psychology, A Summary and an Interpretation, Contemporary German Psychology as a 'Natural Science', Contemporary German Psychology as a 'Cultural Science'.
The chapter on psycho-analysis is a model of accuracy and objectivity, one which contrasts in these respects very favourably with similar chapters in other text-books of psychology. In the account given of the early history of psycho-analysis we note only one slip; the inception of the method of free association is attributed to Breuer and Freud, instead of to the latter alone. A quite adequate and intelligible account is given of the main characteristics of psycho-analytical theory and of its scope of application. In summing it up, the author writes: 'Psychology itself has been much more reluctant to admit the doctrines of psychoanalysis, though this reluctance appears greater in America than in Britain.
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