Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size? In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+). Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out). To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).
Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.
Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”
For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.
Money-Kyrle, R. (1933). Applied Psycho-Analysis: The Rt. Hon. Lord Raglan. 'The Origin of Cruelty.' Man, 1932, vol. XXXII, No. 134 (May) and related correspondence. Edward Glover and Lieut.-Colonel Stoneham, July and October, No. 292.. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 14:117.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Applied Psycho-Analysis: The Rt. Hon. Lord Raglan. 'The Origin of Cruelty.' Man, 1932, vol. XXXII, No. 134 (May) and related correspondence. Edward Glover and Lieut.-Colonel Stoneham, July and October, No. 292.
(1933). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 14:117
A stimulating controversy on The Origin of Cruelty was started by Lord Raglan (May) in his criticism of Roheim's view (J.R.A.I., 1929, 188) that the institutions of circumcision and of castrated priests are ritual survivals of the castration of the defeated in the battles of the 'primal horde'. Lord Raglan argues that cruelty is spontaneous neither in children nor in primitive people, and that it is mainly confined to Western Europe, where it is the product of repression. 'To the male animal', he writes, 'his rival is an obstacle and nothing more. When death or flight removes the obstacle it is promptly forgotten, and attention turned to the female. Does Dr. Roheim believe that gorillas castrate each other?' The truth, he says, is to be sought by the comparative method, 'and not by attributing to the "bestial pre-human" ideas and practices which are utterly unknown both among men (sic?) and among animals'. Thus, for example, Mr. Briffault, in The Mothers, using the comparative method, suggests that circumcision is a ritual imitation of defloration, and the castration of priests a stage in the transference of the priesthood from women to men. One has the impression that in most discussions of this kind, the two problems of historical origin and psychological motive are insufficiently distinguished. Since the psychological motive is almost always overdetermined, circumcision is likely to symbolize defloration as well as castration. Indeed the two ideas seem often indistinguishable in the unconscious.
Dr. Glover (July), replying to Lord Raglan, reasserts the existence of the castration complex and of cruelty in children. To this, Lord Raglan answers that he is prepared to take Dr. Glover's 'word for it that many children have castration fears', but he cannot accept the view that such fears are innate, nor can he see any evidence for the existence of the 'primal horde'. Finally, Lieut.-Colonel Stoneham (October) quotes examples of apparently refined or sadistic cruelty among monkeys and primitive people.
- 117 -
Money-Kyrle, R. (1933). Applied Psycho-Analysis. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 14:117