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Friedlander, K. (1939). Sexuality: Carl Müller-Braunschweig. 'Die erste Objectbesetzung des Mädchens in ihrer Bedeutung für Penisneid und Weiblichkeit.' Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse, 1936, Bd. XXII, SS. 137–176.. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 20:189-190.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Sexuality: Carl Müller-Braunschweig. 'Die erste Objectbesetzung des Mädchens in ihrer Bedeutung für Penisneid und Weiblichkeit.' Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse, 1936, Bd. XXII, SS. 137–176.

(1939). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 20:189-190

Sexuality: Carl Müller-Braunschweig. 'Die erste Objectbesetzung des Mädchens in ihrer Bedeutung für Penisneid und Weiblichkeit.' Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse, 1936, Bd. XXII, SS. 137–176.

K. Friedlander

This investigation is based on the supposition that in the first year of life there is an early genitality prevalent together with a genital object-cathexis. This early genitality, as expressed in the masturbation of the nursing period, recedes into the background during the oral and anal-sadistic phases and comes to the fore again in the phallic phase.

It is emphasized that the object of this primary post-natal genitality is the same for both sexes, namely, the mother, and that therefore the boy has as his first genital object an object of the opposite sex, whilst the girl has an object of the same sex. The girl, therefore, has in her development to take a decisive step, namely, to turn away from the mother to the father. Therefore the line of development of the two sexes is different from the very beginning, and it is not justifiable to speak of an analogous development of boy and girl during the first phases of life. It is assumed that, although the attitude of the small girl is aggressive and clitoris masturbation is prevalent, there is primarily a libido-cathexis of the vagina, so that the genitality of the two sexes is differentiated from birth onwards.

The fact that the mother is so important during the pregenital phases in the first years of life has been acknowledged by psycho-analysis. But it has not been considered enough that there is an important difference

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between boys and girls in these phases, in so far as the relationship to the mother is a heterosexual one for the boy and a homosexual one for the girl. This fact is of extreme importance in its relationship to the penis-envy of the girl. The girl feels inferior to the boy not only on account of the anatomical difference, but because the primary relationship to the mother lacks the heterosexual tension and satisfaction. The penis-envy and the female inferiority feeling originate in this disappointment and not in the fact that the male genital can be seen and the female genital is hidden. The girl feels with her first specific genital excitations that the sexual relationship to the mother is insufficient and inadequate. Even without having seen the genital of the brother the girl perceives that the brother is the adequate partner for the mother. The male attitude of the little girl has to be considered as a reaction-formation and the lack of knowledge of the vagina is not a genuine phenomenon but the result of a very early defensive measure against vaginal sensations. It is assumed that the attraction between the opposite sexes is based on a somatic factor and cannot be explained psychologically. This theory of the primarily feminine genitality of the girl is very carefully examined in its relationship to further development.

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Article Citation

Friedlander, K. (1939). Sexuality. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 20:189-190

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