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Tarachow, S. (1945). 'The Sexual Psychology of Human Hermaphrodites.': Albert Ellis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1945, Vol. VII, pp. 108–125.. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 26:181-182.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: 'The Sexual Psychology of Human Hermaphrodites.': Albert Ellis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1945, Vol. VII, pp. 108–125.

(1945). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 26:181-182

'The Sexual Psychology of Human Hermaphrodites.': Albert Ellis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 1945, Vol. VII, pp. 108–125.

Sidney Tarachow

This study is a review of the English literature on the subject. 84 cases were studied, including true hermaphrodites, pseudo-hermaphrodites and ? true hermaphrodites: only case reports that indicated libido status after puberty, sexual behaviour, proof of type of gonadal tissue and a description of the external and secondary sex organs were included. Even though most pseudo-hermaphrodites are male pseudo-hermaphrodites, those brought up as males take a male rôle almost exclusively and a majority of those brought up as females take a female rôle; 80 per cent. of those pseudo-hermaphrodites who had been brought up as females and took the female sex rô were actually male pseudo-hermaphrodites. A decided majority of ? true hermaphrodites brought up as females assume a female sex rôle and the over-whelming majority of those brought up as males take a male rôle. A majority of the true hermaphrodites brought up as females took the female sex rôle and an overwhelming majority of those brought up as males took the male rôle; 6 per

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cent. of the hermaphrodites were homosexual in relation to their upbringing and 4 per cent. bisexual: these two groups had all been brought up as females; no one brought up as a male became homosexual or bisexual. Not a single one of the true hermaphrodites played a bisexual rôle. Of those whose external sexual characteristics changed in time none displayed any change in sex rôle from the one they originally had. The author infers that the power of the sex drive depends on the gonads, but that the direction of the sex rôle depends largely on upbringing.

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Article Citation

Tarachow, S. (1945). 'The Sexual Psychology of Human Hermaphrodites.'. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 26:181-182

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