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Sandler, J. (1949). Projective Techniques, a Dynamic Approach to the Study of Personality. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 30:209-210.

(1949). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 30:209-210

Projective Techniques, a Dynamic Approach to the Study of Personality

Review by:
Joseph Sandler

By John Elderkin Bell. (New York: Longmans Green & Co., Inc.)

The Clinical Application of Psychological Tests. By Roy Schafter. Menninger Foundation Monograph Series No. 6. (New York: International Universities Press, Inc., 1948.)

The Thematic Apperception Test. An Introductory Manual for its Clinical Use with Adult Males. By Morris I. Stein. (Cambridge, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Press, Inc., 1948.)

Each of these three books is designed primarily as a handbook for the clinical psychologist who is concerned with diagnostic psychological testing. All deal with projection techniques, although Schafer's work includes a discussion of a few non-projective tests.

Bell's book is a useful contribution to the literature on projective techniques. He interprets the term projection in a much wider sense than Freud, and is thus able to assemble the most diverse collection of methods in one volume. Part I deals with word-association, the Incomplete Sentences Test, the Tautophone Test, story-telling and completion. Part II is concerned with the Rorschach Test, Cloud Pictures, the Thematic Apperception Test, the Rosenzweig Picture Frustration Test, the Szondi Test, and a number of other picture methods. Part III deals with expressive movement and related techniques, including handwriting, the Mira Myokinetic Diagnosis, visual-motor tests, artistic expression of various sorts, finger painting, completing pictures, Lowenfeld's Mosaic Test, and voice and speech studies. Finally, in Part IV, there is a description of Play as a projective method, and an account of the World Test and Psychodrama.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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