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After you perform a search, you can sort the articles by Source. This will rearrange the results of your search, displaying articles according to their appearance in journals and books. This feature is useful for tracing psychoanalytic concepts in a specific psychoanalytic tradition.

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Sandler, J. (1953). Range of Human Capacities: By David Wechsler, Ph.D. (Baltimore; Williams & Wilkins Co., 1952. Pp. x + 190. 31 s. 6 d.). Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 34:343-344.

(1953). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 34:343-344

Range of Human Capacities: By David Wechsler, Ph.D. (Baltimore; Williams & Wilkins Co., 1952. Pp. x + 190. 31 s. 6 d.)

Review by:
Joseph Sandler

In this book, which first appeared in 1935, Dr. Wechsler, with an obvious delight in numbers, has examined the range of 'scores' (defined statistically), for a great many human 'capacities', ranging from tests of intelligence and performance to such measures as duration of pregnancy and the weight of the healthy human liver.

Wechsler finds that there are certain frequently-recurring ratios of 'best' to 'worst' performances, and that these ratios are mostly of the order of two to one. He believes that the actual range of human performance, the difference between best and worst, is very much less than popularly supposed. Further, he considers his ratios to be natural constants which are biologically determined.

Unfortunately some rather artificial statistical conditions are imposed on the raw data, such as normality of distribution, even though the normal (Gaussian) distribution is far from being the only 'natural' one. It is doubtful, too, whether his conclusions apply to the frequency of occurrence of particular mental mechanisms in different patients. Here the differences between individuals would presumably be far greater than those found by Wechsler for the 'capacities' he has examined. Nevertheless, his hypotheses are most provocative, and deserve to be tested more rigorously.

Article Citation [Who Cited This?]

Sandler, J. (1953). Range of Human Capacities. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 34:343-344

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