Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size?  In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+).  Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out).   To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command  on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Balint, M. (1958). The Three Areas of the Mind—Theoretical Considerations. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 39:328-340.

(1958). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 39:328-340

The Three Areas of the Mind—Theoretical Considerations

Michael Balint

I

I wish to start by outlining the general lay-out of this paper. It consists of several almost self-contained parts and this will not make the main argument easy to follow. The reason for this structure is that on several occasions I shall have to clear away certain established ways of looking at, and thinking about, well authenticated clinical observations before I can start on the next stage of my train of thought.

Before beginning our journey, let us agree that all of us, the readers as well as the writer of this paper, are fairly reliable analysts who do not make elementary mistakes; that is, all of us give fairly correct interpretations at fairly sensible times and the material produced by our patients is usually worked through—as far as possible—on several, both genital and pregenital, levels, both in the transference and in the reality.

Having agreed on this, perhaps we may also admit that all of us, reliable and experienced analysts, occasionally have difficult patients vis-à-vis whom we feel puzzled and uncertain and—according to rumours circulating in every Branch Society of our International Association—even the most experienced and most skilled analysts among us have occasional failures.

How can this be so, i.e. what is the theoretical explanation of this unpleasant fact? On the whole the reasons for our difficulties and failures may be grouped under three headings. They may be due to (a) our inadequate technique, (b) the difficulties

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2017, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.