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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Freeman, T. (1962). The Etiology of Schizophrenia: Edited by Don D. Jacks on. (New York: Basic Books, 1961. Pp. 456. $7.50.). Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 43:182-184.

(1962). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 43:182-184

The Etiology of Schizophrenia: Edited by Don D. Jacks on. (New York: Basic Books, 1961. Pp. 456. $7.50.)

Review by:
Thomas Freeman

It is to be hoped that this book will be acclaimed as marking the advent of a new and constructive phase in the study of the causes of schizophrenic reactions. Collections of articles on this self-same subject have appeared in the past, but never before has the reader had an opportunity of finding in one volume a series of essays—contributed by geneticists, biochemists, psycho-analysts, and social psychologists, all equally characterized by the recognition that no one discipline can hope to provide the complete solution for the problems presented by the schizophrenic illnesses. The papers are grouped into six sections entitled respectively 'Genetics', 'Biochemistry', 'Physiology', 'Psychology', 'Sociology', and 'Family Dynamics'.

Although this book is edited by a psycho-analyst there are no strictly psycho-analytical articles. The psycho-analytical contributions are essentially studies in applied psycho-analysis and are taken up with the subject of family dynamics. They contain a detailed account of studies which have been made of families of schizophrenic patients and they confirm earlier impressions that the childhood of schizophrenic patients is never comfortable or emotionally stable. Although the authors have gone to some lengths to anticipate criticism they can hardly expect to avoid this.

The reviewer envisages that psycho-analysts will disagree with their formulations on a number of counts. First, they will argue that little attention has been given to psychical reality and to disturbance in the instinctual economy as potent aetiological factors.

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