Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To quickly go to the Table of Volumes from any article…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To quickly go to the Table of Volumes from any article, click on the banner for the journal at the top of the article.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Heimann, P. (1962). Notes on the Anal Stage. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 43:406-414.

(1962). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 43:406-414

Notes on the Anal Stage

Paula Heimann

In a discussion held recently in the British Society it became clear that the anal stage has been somewhat neglected in the psycho-analytic literature of the last two decades. What is the reason for this neglect? Is it that Freud and the generation of workers closely related to him, such as Abraham, Ferenczi, Jones, and a few others, have already found and said all there is to say about anality? But analysts have not generally refrained from reviewing, repeating, and reconsidering problems whose essence was discovered and presented by Freud. The reason, I believe, lies somewhere else. Psycho-analytic research has increasingly turned to the earliest phases of infantile life, and the interest in the oral stage and earliest processes, even the prenatal condition, has overshadowed the interest in later phases.

In my view this shift of analytic research and speculation has been at some not inconsiderable cost to our understanding of the psychology of the child and the adult, and of the process of development as such. The impact of maturationally determined new events on the growing child—in fact the problem of adaptation to new positions and roles throughout life—is a problem that is certainly worth the analyst's curiosity and research. Life is a continuous process, in which the individual is continually exposed to the occurrence of something new. And there is more at stake than merely a modification of what has already been happening. In this connexion I would mention some recent unpublished discussion remarks by Dr Payne on the problems of adaptation to growing old.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.