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Havens, L.L. (1962). The Placement and Movement of Hallucinations in Space: Phenomenology and Theory. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 43:426-435.

(1962). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 43:426-435

The Placement and Movement of Hallucinations in Space: Phenomenology and Theory

Leston L. Havens


Patients' descriptions of their hallucinatory experiences have been searched for accounts of the imaginary objects' placement in subjective space. A schema of object placement has resulted, from far outside the patient to close within. Movement between the positions has been noted and an accompanying change of affects with movement inward, from flatness to anger, through depression, to bodily discomfort. I have suggested that these changes mark one of the developmental pathways of hallucinatory experience.

Finally and more speculatively, I have discussed the material in terms of its possible significance for an understanding of the hallucinatory psychoses. This has led to the proposal that hallucinations exist to satisfy specific needs for external objects.

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