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Lewis, W.C. (1963). Some Observations Relevant to Early Defences and Precursors. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 44:132-142.

(1963). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 44:132-142

Some Observations Relevant to Early Defences and Precursors

William C. Lewis


Autonomous defence precursors, rooted in the biological mechanisms of the undifferentiated ego, specifically related to psychosomatic illnesses, and elaborated in development into desomatized secondary-process verbalized responses, are described.

Evidence for their existence is presented, with the theoretical background which relates to them. The class name 'mantle defences' is proposed.

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