Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To use the Information icon…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

The Information icon (an i in a circle) will give you valuable information about PEP Web data and features. You can find it besides a PEP Web feature and the author’s name in every journal article. Simply move the mouse pointer over the icon and click on it for the information to appear.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Weiland, I.H. (1966). Considerations on the Development of Symbiosis, Symbiotic Psychosis, and the Nature of Separation Anxiety. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 47:1-5.

(1966). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 47:1-5

Considerations on the Development of Symbiosis, Symbiotic Psychosis, and the Nature of Separation Anxiety

I. Hyman Weiland

SUMMARY

The concept of symbiosis is reconsidered as a primitive means of coping with anxiety in addition to the more common assumption that it is the persistence of a normal developmental phenomenon, and as a signal anxiety rather than a primary reaction as proposed by Bowlby. Anxiety is seen as a cause of symbiotic behaviour in the present formulation in contrast to, but not to the exclusion of, the conception that anxiety results from the experience of passive separation from the mother in an infant dominated by

symbiotic needs. Object recognition is not necessarily a consequence of resolution of symbiosis in the separation-individuation phase but is developed by a sequence of events not specified in this paper. (See Weiland, 1964a), (1964b.) Excessive infantile anxiety perpetuates clinging with resultant interference in development of normal object relationships. This accounts for the prominence of symbiotic symptoms in childhood psychoses. Failure to develop object recognition may predispose the child to anxiety which is coped with by primitive means such as clinging.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.