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Levin, S. (1966). Toward a Classification of External Factors Capable of Inducing Psychological Stress. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 47:546-551.

(1966). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 47:546-551

Toward a Classification of External Factors Capable of Inducing Psychological Stress

Sidney Levin


States of psychological stress are characterized by a defusion of libido and aggression. External factors capable of evoking defusion are classified into four categories: (i) Loss; (ii) Attack; (iii) Restraint; (iv) Threats. Some general comments are made concerning the effect of defusion, when not intense, in promoting redistribution of libido as well as in fostering increased development and adaptation.

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