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Mitscherlich, A. Lorenzer, A. Horn, K. Dahmer, H. Schwanenberg, E. Brede, K. Berndt, H. (1970). On Psychoanalysis and Sociology. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 51:33-48.

(1970). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 51:33-48

On Psychoanalysis and Sociology

Alexander Mitscherlich, Alfred Lorenzer, Klaus Horn, Helmut Dahmer, Enno Schwanenberg, Karola Brede and Heide Berndt

The following pages contain reflections which emerged in a long and slow process of communication between psychoanalytic and sociological staff members of the Sigmund-Freud-Institut—almost fortuitous excerpts of work in progress.

One feels strongly compelled to supplement psychoanalytic knowledge, i.e. psychological insights gained in observing individuals, with germane ideas concerning the psychic instigations which are active in groups of various sizes and structures. But such supplementary knowledge can no longer be acquired in scientific solitude. And yet, as soon as we gaze beyond the boundaries of our field of research, the problems of our own science appear in a new light, and new ones are added to the old.

Questions emerged in the cooperation of our sociologists and psychoanalysts which were touched on as early as 1927 in a discussion of Freud's 'The Question of Lay Analysis' (1926). Freud had drafted a most ambitious training programme for future psychoanalysts.

A scheme of training for analysts has still to be created. It must include elements from the mental sciences ('Geisteswissenschaften'), from psychology, the history of civilization, and sociology, as well as from anatomy, biology and the study of evolution (Freud, 1927ap. 252).

This was to be added to the central training curriculum; for above all the analyst must of course

have learnt this psychology, this depth-psychology or psychology of the unconscious, or as much of it at east as is known today (Freud, 1926p.

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