Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To review the bibliography…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

It is always useful to review an article’s bibliography and references to get a deeper understanding of the psychoanalytic concepts and theoretical framework in it.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Gumbel, E. Heimann, P. (1970). Discussion of 'The Non-Transference Relationship in the Psychoanalytic Situation'. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 51:143-150.

(1970). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 51:143-150

Discussion of 'The Non-Transference Relationship in the Psychoanalytic Situation'

Erich Gumbel and Paula Heimann


Not all interactions between the patient and the psychoanalyst in the psychoanalytic situation are transference reactions. The very fact that the concept of transference has a very precise meaning implies that it was technically and theoretically necessary to differentiate it from other reactions which are relatively transference-free. Furthermore, we believe that the non-transference or real interactions that take place in the course of psychoanalysis may require interventions other than interpretation.

In 1939 Sigmund Freud wrote about the treatment of a former colleague:

… not every good relation between an analyst and his subject during and after analysis was to be regarded as a transference; there were also friendly relations which were based on reality and which proved to be viable.

Anna Freud in 1954 stated:

With due respect for the necessary strictest handling and interpretation of the transference, I feel still that we should leave room somewhere for the realization that analyst and patient are also two real people, of equal adult status, in a real personal relationship to each other.

A number of other psychoanalysts, too heterogeneous to be classified, have become aware of this phenomenon but they are relatively silent about how to conceptualize it and what to do with it.

With this in mind, we want to offer some further propositions. To facilitate the full flowering and ultimate resolution of the patient's transference reactions, it is essential in all cases to recognize, acknowledge, clarify, differentiate and even nurture the non-transference or relatively transference-free reactions between patient and analyst.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.