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Zavitzianos, G. (1972). Homeovestism: Perverse Form of Behaviour Involving Wearing Clothes of the Same Sex. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 53:471-477.

(1972). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 53:471-477

Homeovestism: Perverse Form of Behaviour Involving Wearing Clothes of the Same Sex

G. Zavitzianos

I would like to describe a kind of perverse behaviour in which the patient wears clothes of the same sex. Since phenomenology is the basis for our nomenclature, I propose naming this behaviour 'homeovestism'. The behaviour is closely related to transvestism. In fact, one of the two patients described in this paper was a transvestite before becoming a homeovestite. For this reason, I think it is pertinent to start by giving a brief account of transvestism in the psychoanalytic literature.

Fenichel (1930), (1945) showed the phallic symbolism of the clothes in male transvestism and the close relation that exists between transvestism, homosexuality and fetishism. He pointed out that the fetishist, with the use of a fetish, denies that the woman does not have a penis. The male homosexual replaces his love for his mother by an identification with her. The transvestite man assumes both attitudes at the same time. He fantasies that the woman has a penis and identifies himself with the phallic woman. Hence the basic trend of male transvestism is, according to this author, the same as that which exists in fetishism and male homosexuality: the denial of the danger of castration.

In discussing transvestism, he states:

The transvestite act has two unconscious meanings: (a) an object-erotic and fetishistic one: the person cohabits not with a woman but with her clothes, the clothes representing, symbolically, her penis; (b) a narcissistic one: the transvestite himself represents the phallic woman under whose clothes a penis is hidden (1945p.

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