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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
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  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Rosenfeld, H. (1978). Notes on the Psychopathology and Psychoanalytic Treatment of Some Borderline Patients. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 59:215-221.

(1978). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 59:215-221

Notes on the Psychopathology and Psychoanalytic Treatment of Some Borderline Patients

Herbert Rosenfeld

In this paper I intend to describe aspects of the psychopathology and treatment of borderline states in general, but with particular emphasis on the severely traumatized borderline patient. I shall first discuss briefly some recent work on borderline personality disorders and will single out the writings of Otto Kernberg as some of his findings come very close to my own observations of borderline patients. Secondly, I shall discuss states of confusion as an aspect of the psychopathology of borderline states. Thirdly, I shall discuss in some detail the significance of the appearance of a transference psychosis for the understanding of the basic psychopathology and treatment of borderline patients. I shall use clinical material of one severely traumatized borderline patient to illustrate these ideas which come from working with a number of borderline states which I have treated myself or had the opportunity to observe in my supervisory work of other analysts.

In discussing the borderline personality organization, Kernberg (1967), (1968), (1971), (1976) has described in great detail the character structure of these patients and the importance of primitive mechanisms of splitting of the self and objects into good and bad; primitive idealization; denial; omnipotence and, particularly, primitive projective identification, which constitute characteristic defence constellations of these patients. He suggests that there is an excessive development of pregenital and especially oral aggression which tends to induce premature development of oedipal strivings and, as a consequence, there is a particular concentration of pregenital and genital aims under the overriding influence of the aggressive needs.

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