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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from  You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon  Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Adler, G. (1980). Transference, Real Relationship and Alliance. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 61:547-558.

(1980). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 61:547-558

Transference, Real Relationship and Alliance

Gerald Adler

The purpose of this paper is to attempt to expand our understanding of the concepts of transference, real relationship and alliance in all patients, based upon an examination of the recent literature about borderline and narcissistic personality disorders and clinical experiences with them. I shall delineate a developmental sequence that culminates in the patient's capacity to form a therapeutic alliance. It includes a study of the primitive or self-object transferences (Kohut, 1977) that these patients form and its relationship to their evolving capacity to observe and utilize the objective qualities of the therapist ultimately to develop a mature therapeutic alliance that can withstand the vicissitudes of intense affects, impulses, wishes and conflicts. It also includes a discussion of the relationship of these self-object transferences to the analysis of all patients and the formation of the usual neurotic dyadic and triadic transferences.

The concepts of alliance, transference, self-object transference, and real relationship are complex, interrelated and often confusing (Greenson, 1965); (Lipton, 1977). It is generally acknowledged that alliances derive from transference and relate to certain successful childhood experiences and developmental achievements, which obviously include relationships with people, both past and present. Since the separation of these concepts is important theoretically and clinically, I shall define the ways in which I shall utilize some of these terms.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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